Pierre-Joseph Redouté was a painter, draughtsman and copper engraver, who became well-known mainly for his paintings of roses, lilies and other flowers. He was an official court artist of Queen Marie Antoinette and of Empress Josephine. For his two masterworks 'Les Liliacées' and 'Les Roses' he also was called "Raphael of Flowers".
It was Redouté's work in stipple engraving and colour printing that was to be of the greatest importance. Stippling and the application of two or three colour inks to one plate were engraving innovations that Redouté brought to French printmaking.